Most Premier League football clubs have inaccessib

first_imgMost Premier League football clubs have inaccessible websites and fail to provide audio-described commentary for blind and partially-sighted supporters, according to a new survey by a user-led charity.The survey of the 20 Premier League clubs found only four of them provided in-house commentary by experts trained in audio-description.It is just the latest evidence of discrimination at football grounds, particularly those belonging to Premier League clubs that have benefited from millions of pounds in television money.Two months ago, Disability News Service (DNS) revealed that the equality watchdog was to write to Manchester United and the Premier League following concerns passed on by DNS that disabled fans had had their mobility aids confiscated by stewards.The new survey by Level Playing Field (LPF), the user-led organisation that works to improve access to sporting venues, found that two clubs – Liverpool and Southampton – had refused admission to fans with guide dogs, while only one – Arsenal – provided a toilet area for assistance dogs.Three clubs – Bournemouth, Liverpool and Chelsea – provide audio-description that has a 30-second time delay, so blind and partially-sighted fans can only hear the action being described half-a-minute after it has happened and the crowd has already reacted.Another 13 clubs only provide links to local or hospital radio or television commentaries.And at three clubs* – Crystal Palace, Manchester United and Southampton – away fans have to sit with home supporters if they want to listen to the commentary.The survey found that most clubs’ websites were inaccessible to blind and partially-sighted fans, while Arsenal was the only club that offered a full match programme in an audio format, but even that was not available until after matches had taken place.Arsenal fan Wayne Busbridge said some of his worst experiences had been at Manchester United (pictured), because he was forced to sit with home fans to listen to the match commentary.He said: “It’s not pleasant, you can’t celebrate. I have got spat on and been verbally abused, at United and at Tottenham. But when you report it, they don’t do anything.”He has also visited grounds with delayed audio-described commentary, which has meant hearing the crowd celebrating a goal before he can hear the relevant commentary, and then trying to listen to the description of the goal as it is drowned out by the noise of cheering fans.He is also critical of clubs’ websites.He said: “I don’t know how clubs get away without producing an accessible website. The law is quite clear: I should be able to do what everyone else does, and if I can’t there should be a reasonable adjustment.”Some Premier League clubs are friendlier than others for away fans, he said. “Stoke couldn’t have helped more. One of their groundsmen drove me back to the train station in his car.”But he said: “With all the money available to football clubs, it is basically time they pulled their fingers out of their backsides.“When it suits the Premier League, they pretend they don’t have any influence at all. They should be ashamed of themselves.“They should be saying, ‘We are the Premier League, with all this money, and we should be getting this right.’ They should set a minimum standard and make the clubs do it.”Leigh Hutchings, a Watford season-ticket-holder and a Manchester City member, said that buying a ticket for an away match as a blind supporter was so time-consuming that it often “turned into a nightmare”.He said his best experiences as an away fan had been at Arsenal, the Championship side Ipswich Town, and newly-promoted Premier League side Norwich City, whereas the worst had been a match at Wembley, the national football stadium.He said: “Premier League clubs have the money, they have no excuse at all. It’s just apathy. We don’t want sympathy, we just want somebody to understand the problems.”A Premier League spokesman said: “The Premier League is working with clubs to identify scope for improvement of disabled supporter access in their grounds.“This includes digital services and other facilities for blind and partially-sighted fans.“We are keen to ensure that all fans have the best possible experience at the match and will continue to work with clubs to develop best practice in this area.”A Department for Culture, Media and Sport spokeswoman said the government took the problems faced by disabled fans “extremely seriously” and was working with the Equality and Human Rights Commission and sporting bodies to “address accessibility and improve the match day experience” for disabled fans. She said: “It’s clear more work needs to be done in this area. A disability should not be a barrier to attending sporting events. “We’ve sought views of fans with disabilities and will shortly be publishing these findings.”*Contrary to the survey results originally reported by DNS, away fans at Spurs do not have to sit with home fans to listen to commentaries, which are audio-described by two commentators trained by the RNIB Soccer Sight programmePicture: Old Trafford by is licensed under read more

New planning director wants to help development

first_img “Traffic is still a major challenge in this area and it does requires us working with other organizations because the county does not control and of the roadways. But it looks like the partnerships are strong, the people are still there that I have worked with in the past and it looks like that’ll be one of the major focuses. It’s trying to find ways to make the traffic patterns more effective,” Clark said.Clark says he is currently catching himself up to speed on different development plans currently in the works, like Project Grace. WILMINGTON, NC (WWAY) — New Hanover county has gone through development for the past few years and continues to change. Now, a new planning director has stepped up to the plate to help the county.Wayne Clark is no stranger to the area. He lived in Wilmington years ago before moving to Florida. He’s now back in the Cape Fear and will help with development plans throughout the county. He says one focus he has is doing something about the build up of traffic throughout the area.- Advertisement – last_img read more

Armed robbery at Columbus County Dollar General

first_img(Photo: MGN Online) COLUMBUS COUNTY, NC (WWAY) — The Columbus County Sheriff’s Office is investigating an armed robbery at the Dollar General.According to the sheriff’s office, it happened Friday just before 8:00 p.m. at the Dollar General store in the 2000 block of James B White Hwy North.- Advertisement – Sheriff’s Office Spokeswoman Michele Tatum says a man entered the store and demanded cash while holding the clerks at gun point.The suspect was wearing a camouflage hoodie. No one got hurt.last_img read more

Smithfield donates 10K to Red Cross to install house smoke alarms

first_img RELATED: Smoke alarms installed across New Hanover and Pender countiesThis spring, to help save lives and end home fire tragedies, the Red Cross will sound the alarm through a series of home fire safety and smoke alarm installation events in more than 100 high-risk communities in the United States.James Jarvis, American Red Cross of the Cape Fear area executive director, said this donation is for a large smoke alarm rally to be held next week on Saturday, April 28. Related Article: Wilmington bookstore celebrates Harry Potter 20th anniversary“Donations like this make events like that possible,” Jarvis said.Volunteers will install hundreds of free smoke alarms into more than 500 homes in Wilmington next Saturday. Smoke alarm (Photo: Katy Warner / CC BY-SA 2.0) WILMINGTON, NC (WWAY) — In an effort to reduce the number of home fire tragedies in eastern North Carolina, Smithfield Foods donated $10,000 to the Red Cross Home Fire Campaign.The Red Cross launched its home fire campaign in 2014 and rallied volunteers, donors, and partners to canvass high-risk neighborhoods, install free smoke alarms, replace batteries in existing alarms and help families create escape plans.- Advertisement – last_img read more

UNSOLVED Check fraud out of Charlotte homeless shelter hits Whiteville

first_img00:00 00:00 spaceplay / pause qunload | stop ffullscreenshift + ←→slower / faster ↑↓volume mmute ←→seek  . seek to previous 12… 6 seek to 10%, 20% … 60% XColor SettingsAaAaAaAaTextBackgroundOpacity SettingsTextOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundSemi-TransparentOpaqueTransparentFont SettingsSize||TypeSerif MonospaceSerifSans Serif MonospaceSans SerifCasualCursiveSmallCapsResetSave Settings WHITEVILLE, NC (WWAY) — Police are investigating a string of crimes involving stolen checks and homeless men.Investigators say the operation started at a homeless shelter in Charlotte.- Advertisement – While three people have already been arrested, it is still happening costing banks in Whiteville thousands of dollars. Lt. Andre Jackson with the Whiteville Police Department said the person behind the operation remains unsolved.“There is a gentleman that goes to a homeless shelter in Charlotte,” Lt. Andre Jackson. “He’s asking these people, ‘Hey, look. Do you want to make some quick money?’”Jackson said all it takes is a valid ID.Related Article: Video shows NC skateboarder speeding down the Alps at 68mph“When this homeless person goes into the bank with their ID, everything is valid because the ID is checking out good and the check is good because it has not made it to its destination yet,” Jackson said.One of the checks was stolen from Culligan Water Conditioning in Wilmington.Culligan Manager Jacqui Leiblein said that check was typed out to one of their vendors for under $200, printed and then mailed.“Someone is intercepting that check before it gets to that business,” Jackson said.Lt. Jackson said the man behind the operation is reprinting the check with the same check number, account and routing information, but putting the name of a homeless person on that check. He is also changing the amount of the check.In this case, that $200 check from Culligan was changed to almost $1,300 and addressed to Leroy Bruce who then walked into a Whiteville bank to cash it.“So when they walk in the bank they have a blue tooth headset on,” Jackson said.Jackson said the con artist is on the other line.“So if the bank teller doesn’t raise any red flags, he’ll tell them, ‘Okay. Everything is good. Go ahead,’ but if the teller gets suspicious about anything, what he’ll do is he’ll tell them go ahead and get out of the bank.”In Bruce’s case, everything was not good.“Our bank had called and wanted to know if the individual was standing in the bank at that time and they wanted to cash a check, said that they laid some carpet for us and we don’t have any carpet in our facility at all so we knew that wasn’t a valid check,” Leiblein said.That is when she said Bruce tried to get out.“I guess grabbed the check out of her hand, the teller’s hand and ran out of the building,” Leiblein said.Jackson said Bruce was later arrested along with two others Andre Lewis and Anthony Archie who did the same thing at different banks and he says there is even more.What do you need to do?“If you put your mail in a mailbox, kind of be vigilant about that,” Jackson said. “You maybe just want to take it to the post office or just drop it in one of those blue boxes that you know that no one can get in.”Jackson also said bank employees need to be looking for anything suspicious.“The ID is from out of town,” Jackson said. “The check is from out of town and why are they cashing the check out of Whiteville?”While police continue arresting the men doing the dirty work, Jackson said they want the man on the other end of the line.“This gentleman has used this con to gain a lot of money,” Jackson said.The man behind this big con stealing from a small town, remains unsolved.If you have any information or think you may have been affected please contact the Whiteville Police Department.last_img read more

Jelly Beans skates its final lap in Wilmington

first_imgJelly Beans is closing after almost 10 years (Photo: Kate Cornell) WILMINGTON, NC (WWAY) — It’s the last night to lace up for one Wilmington skating staple.For nearly ten years Jelly Beans Family Skate Center has played host to parties, after school programs and more.- Advertisement – The land was recently sold and for the first time in more than 30 years the Oleander Drive space will not be home to a skating rink.Doors open at 7 p.m. for the final night at Jelly Beans. The doors close at 10 p.m.We will be live from 7-8 p.m. on WWAY CBS.last_img read more

Prosecution calls James Bradley manipulative predatory sentencing hearing continues

first_img00:00 00:00 spaceplay / pause qunload | stop ffullscreenshift + ←→slower / faster ↑↓volume mmute ←→seek  . seek to previous 12… 6 seek to 10%, 20% … 60% XColor SettingsAaAaAaAaTextBackgroundOpacity SettingsTextOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundSemi-TransparentOpaqueTransparentFont SettingsSize||TypeSerif MonospaceSerifSans Serif MonospaceSans SerifCasualCursiveSmallCapsResetSave Settings NEW HANOVER COUNTY, NC (WWAY) — “Three strikes you’re out…you lost the right to walk among us, even other prisoners,” said District Attorney Ben David during closing arguments in the sentencing hearing for James Bradley Tuesday morning.David shared photos of Bradley’s three victims during the prosecution’s closing arguments.- Advertisement – Manipulative and predatory are just a few words prosecutors have used to describe Bradley throughout the trial.Now it’s up to the jury to decide if he should be put to death.Bradley was convicted last week of the murder of Elisha Tucker. Investigators found Tucker’s body in 2014 while searching for another victim of Bradley’s — Shannon Rippy Van Newkirk.Related Article: Investigation launched after Pender County man accuses deputies of assaultBradley was charged with second degree murder of Van Newkirk.He was also convicted of murdering his eight-year-old step daughter in 1988.Bradley faces another life sentence or the death penalty.David says there are multiple aggravating factors, and asked the jury to choose the death penalty.Jury deliberation will pick back up again Wednesday morning.last_img read more

Get your shag on this weekend at annual Carolina Beach Music Festival

first_imgJim Quick and Coastline3:00 – 4:30This annual, fun filled event is one of the longest running Beach Music festivals in the United States.Tickets to the 34th Annual Carolina Beach Music Festival are $25 in advance and $30 at the gate (cash only). Advance tickets will be  available through Eventbrite on-line (credit only).This annual fun-in-the-sun extravaganza brings together a multi-generational family crowd that lets the music flow like the crashing of the waves where you can shag a little, boogie a little and smile a lot.Help make history at the 34th annual get together with your toes in the sand of famous Carolina Beach, where Beach Music originated and shaggin’ was born.Be sure to bring your own chairs, towels and sunscreen as well as your coolers. Please no glass, no pets, and no refunds. Bring an Anhauser Busch product and register to win some Budweiser Swag.The folks at the Pleasure Island Chamber of Commerce, the Cape Fear Shag Club, GO Automotive of Carolina Beach, Budweiser and the Town of Carolina Beach welcome beach music lovers from all over on the first Saturday in June.Come have a great day of fun in the sun, but remember to drink responsibly and always have a designated driver. Black Water Rhythm & Blues Band1:00 – 2:30 On Saturday, shaggers of all ages can enjoy a day of live entertainment with the hottest beach music bands in the south. All three bands offer that laid-back style of rhythm and blues with deep roots in the Carolina Coast.The gates will open at 10:00 a.m. with the first band hitting the stage at 11:00 a.m.This year’s line-up:Related Article: Florida county ‘warns’ forecaster to stay awayBand of Oz11:00 – 12:30center_img CAROLINA BEACH, NC (WWAY) — Get your shag on in Carolina Beach this weekend!The Pleasure Island Chamber of Commerce is hosting the 34th Annual Carolina Beach Music Festival on Saturday, June 1, on the beach strand at the historic Carolina Beach Boardwalk in Carolina Beach.- Advertisement – last_img read more

Malta categorized as tax haven EU tax report suggests

first_imgOver 500 MEPs (505) have today voted in support of a resolution which categorizes Malta has having all the hallmarks of a tax haven.The country was one of seven countries which have been named in a report by the European Parliament’s Tax3 Committee, criticizing the extent of foreign direct investment which the national economy could only explain away in a very limited way.The report requests that the European Commission assesses the strength of a member state’s laws and initiatives referring to companies which have a registered address in the member state, which may be used for the purposes of tax fraud, money laundering or strategic tax evasion.According to the report, Malta is among five countries including Luxembourg and the Netherlands which have a high share of FDI.The vote today also lays the basis of measures for a harmonized EU corporate tax base, as well as an agreement where qualified majorities in the EU Council, can vote on tax issues.MEPs against harmonisation Interestingly, during yesterday’s debate on the Tax3 report, both Maltese MEPs Alfred Sant and David Casa presented their views against harmonization.While the PL MEP Dr Sant explained that tax flexibility was a key tool for allowing small economies to stay competitive, the PN’s MEP David Casa said he objected to a ruling that surrendered elements of autonomy on tax.‘I am always at the forefront when fighting against corruption. But I will use the same energy and determination against those pushing proposals to change taxation systems across Europe. Such proposals could be detrimental to many citizens across the EU, including those I represent.’ Casa told fellow MEPs.Golden visas and WhistleblowersIn addition to ways to improve harmonization and monitoring of member states with higher degrees of FDI, the report also called for the phasing out of the Golden visa and passport services, specifically focused on Malta and Cyprus over their poor networks of due diligence.The Tax3 report also called for improving protection investigative journalists as well as the creation of an EU fund to support them and their work.WhatsApp SharePrint <a href=’;cb={random}’ target=’_blank’><img src=’;cb={random}&amp;n=ab2c8853&amp;ct0={clickurl_enc}’ border=’0′ alt=” /></a>last_img read more

A Quick Checklist for a Research Paper

first_imgAdvertisement By Richard Boateng, PhD What are the elements of a good research paper? Most of often than not we face the dilemma in seeking answers for this question. Challenge is becomes pronounced when you begin to evaluate the different requirements of the diverse academic journals in information systems. So what really makes a good research paper?In this paper I attempt provide a general outline which may be considered as being essential for good research paper. Though this is not exhaustive, it will be of help, especially to young authors to reduce review cycles that submitted papers have to go through. The purpose is not to create a ‘one best format’, but to offer guidelines in the preparation of articles for submission to academic journals.Getting StartedSo why do we do research?We do research to when we CREATE, EXPLAIN and/or PREDICT social or scientific phenomena. Through this process we may create and develop new knowledge or products, explain or attempt to make-sense-of what is happening in and or identify patterns which enable us to predict a particular social or scientific phenomenon. – Advertisement – Who needs to research?Research feeds into future research, practice and policy. Thus, research is needed by researchers, practitioners and policy makers. In these broad categories, there are a number of stakeholders including organizations, communities’ government and non-governmental institutions and society in general.  Research has feed into a body of knowledge or practice or policy. Without a connection to any of these, the readers and reviewers will ask “And so what?” meaning what can we do with your findings and what are its implications.Research Paper OutlineAbstractHow do we write a good abstract? Emerald, the academic journal database (, offers a set of guidelines for authors on how to write a good abstract. The guidelines advise that an abstract should summarize these key elements of the research paper or study. •    Purpose What are the reason(s) for writing the paper or the aims of the research? What concept do you want to present? •    Design/methodology/approach How were the objectives achieved? Include the main method(s) used for the research. What is the approach to the topic and what are the theoretical or key arguments of your presentation?•    Findings/Results/Observations What was found in the course of the work? This will refer to analysis, discussion, or results. •    Research implications (if applicable) What are the contributions to research? Which aspect of your work changes current research? What can researcher do with your research? What is new and how will that shape future research?•    Practical and Policy implications What outcomes and implications for practice, policy, applications and consequences are identified? How will the research impact upon the business or enterprise? How is it influence policy? What changes to practice/policy should be made as a result of this research? What is the commercial or economic impact? Not all papers will have practical implications.•    Originality/value What is new in the paper? State the value of the paper and to whom.ABSTRACT EXAMPLE 1Advancing E-commerce Beyond Readiness in a Developing Country: Experiences of Ghanaian FirmsThis paper identifies factors affecting the assimilation of electronic commerce in Ghana and the solutions that Ghanaian firms have developed. Drawing from the elements of two electronic commerce readiness frameworks, the study analyzes the readiness of Ghana to support the conduct of electronic commerce at the firm-level. The study covers the government, technology, market and culture readiness factors. Findings suggest that social networks, managerial capabilities and government commitment have an attendant effect on adoption and use of tangible resources like electronic commerce applications. The findings imply that future research and practitioner efforts should focus on developing a broader perspective to address electronic commerce challenges encompassing issues such as how firms can advance to more complex forms of e-commerce after initial e-commerce adoption.Article CitationBoateng, R. Molla, A., Heeks, R. (2010). Advancing E-commerce Beyond Readiness in a Developing Economy: Experiences of Ghanaian Firms, Journal of Electronic Commerce in Organisations (Accepted April 2009).ABSTRACT EXAMPLE 2E-Commerce and Socio-Economic Development: Conceptualizing the LinkPurpose: E-commerce is diffusing into developing countries, and is assumed to help deliver the international development agenda. But how can we conceptualise the connection between e-commerceand socio-economic development? Our aim in this paper is to analyse that connection by drawing from the development studies discipline to take a broader perspective on e-commerce than that so far provided by firm-level research.Methodology/Approach: We adopt a literature survey approach, drawing our conceptual foundations from development studies, and supplementing this from the e-commerce literature.Findings: We develop a new, integrated model that explains the way in which e-commerce can contribute to socio-economic development. The model conceptualizes the link between existing development theories and e-commerce in DCs.Research Implications: This new model can help provide a foundation for future research on ecommerce in developing countries; research on e-commerce policy as well as impact assessment research.Practical Implications: The discussion and model provide development agencies, governments, consultants and business people working in developing countries with a clearer sense of the contribution e-commerce can make; assisting them in prioritization, planning, and evaluation of ecommerce projects. Originality/Value: Provides the first integrated perspective on the broader contribution of e-commerce to the growth and development of developing countries.Article CitationBoateng, R., Heeks, R., Molla, A. and Hinson, R. (2008). E-commerce and Socio-Economic Development: Conceptualizing the Link. Internet Research, 18(5), 562–592.IntroductionWhat is an introduction? In my research teaching seminars, I usually relate the introduction to “marriage introduction” done as part of marriage in African cultures. In essence, the family of the bride needs to learn about the groom and the groom or the man being introduced has to be able to convince the family of the bride on why he is best option for their daughter.  Similarly, in the research paper, the introduction sets the tone for the whole research paper? Why should the reader read the research paper? What are theoretical and/or practical and policy motivations behind the research paper? The author has to:1.    Introduce the topic/theme2.    Highlight some of the research that has been done in the area of study (this should not be limited only to the country of study)3.    Identify the gaps in previous research—areas that have not yet been addressed. 4.    Point out where your work is taking off from…, why your study is still important and what new knowledge it will add to the existing knowledge (see point 2).5.    In the last paragraph state out: the main question or purpose of your paper and outline the structure of the paper.Literature Review You may use a relevant title instead of literature reviewThe literature review usually provides a detailed analysis of the research theme from the perspective of existing literature, and, further, critique and propose perspectives or ways of addressing the research problem. The author is required to:1.    Explain the concepts and issues•    Discuss the main relevant arguments concerning the issues•    Draw on existing and current research on the issues•    Discuss their findings and how they help us better understand the issues•    Review research in developing countries & Africa to highlight what has been done 2.    Understand how previous research was conducted: which frameworks and methods were used3.    WHAT, WHY, HOW of the issue and WHERE you are going…Which gaps you need to coverResearch Framework (if applicable)The research framework provides theoretical lens through which the author seeks to address the research problem.  It may provide a process or factor model which guides the investigative process of collecting data to answer the research questions. In some research papers, the research framework is developed or presented in the literature review. Others present it as an independent section or a sub-section of the research methodology. There is no wrong or right answer. The structure of the research paper and writing style of the author (logic and coherence of arguments) may determine the approach. The author is required to:1.    How do we solve the problem2.    How do we address the issue – which theory or conceptual framework do we use?3.    Develop hypothesis (Quantitative) or propositions (Qualitative) (if applicable)a)    A Concept or set of factorsb)    A model of casual factors or interrelated factorsc)    A set of propositions/hypothesesNB. Authors may consider reading Heeks, R. (2007) “Theorizing ICT4D Research”, Information Technologies and International Development Volume 3, Number 3, Spring 2006, 1–4.Research MethodologyIn this section the author explains the scientific methods used to collect data to answer the research questions. The author is required to:1.    Identify and state Research Paradigm (optional, rarely stated but may be deduced from the data collection process)2.    What methods were used to conduct the study and why were those methods selected?3.    In systematic fashion you need to explain how data was collected (which you have began excellently already – just arrange it well) a)    Context – where are study subjects located?b)    Unit of Analysis   –  What level of Analysis – Meta, Marco,  Meso, Micro or individualc)    Data Collection Methods – Quantitative, Qualitative or Mixed Methods4.    You need to explain in brief how you analyzed the data and dag out themes or answers or key lessons from your findings.RESEARCH METHODS EXAMPLEAdvancing E-commerce Beyond Readiness in a Developing Country: Experiences of Ghanaian FirmsThis study intends to understand the dynamics of the readiness factors in the Ghanaian firms’ adoption and conduct of e-commerce. There was therefore a strong case for using an exploratory case study method since this supports the research objective set out at the beginning (Yin 2003). In order to get richness of experiences and undertake an in-depth investigation, multiple-case study method was followed (Yin, 2003). In a case study research, there is no universally acceptable number of cases and a case study research could be based on a single case or many cases (Walsham, 1993; Yin, 2003). This is because the validity of the case study has more to do with the “plausibility and cogency of the logical reasoning” (Walsham, 1993:15) and less with the number of cases. In addition, the validity of case studies can be enhanced by the strategic selection of cases rather than their number (De Vaus, 2001). Therefore, this study is based on evidence collected from 10 major cases and other 15 organizations.   .The data collected consisted of personal interviews with 28 individuals, across 25 different Ghanaian companies, educational institutions and industrial associations involved in e-commerce development in Ghana. This was done in the interest of triangulating data sources.  Triangulation provides a unique opportunity to identify inconsistent and contradictory evidences which researchers should analyse and interpret carefully (Mathison, 1988).Concerning the interviews, organisations selected were obtained from The Ghana Club 100 and referrals from Internet Service Providers (ISPs), academics and ICT graduates from the Ghana-India Kofi Annan Centre of Excellence in ICT. The Ghana Club 100 is an annual compilation of the top 100 companies in Ghana to give recognition to successful enterprise building (GC100, 2004). 35 Ghana Club 100 organisations, covering manufacturing, trading services, and financial sectors, were selected. Only 10 of the 35 organisations responded when contacted. A total of 13 interviews were done across the 10 firms.15 other organisations, who were not listed in the Ghana Club 100, contributed our remaining 15 interviews. They include 4 Internet Service Providers (ISPs); 4 ICT consultancies; the Ghana Export Promotion Council; 3 non-traditional export firms; the National Communication Authority (NCA) (the regulator of the telecommunication sector); and two academics from two Ghanaian tertiary institutions with expert knowledge on the Ghanaian ICT sector. The representative from NCA and the two academics were interviewed to verify and obtain other perspectives on data obtained from selected firms and ISPs.The interviews were recorded and transcribed, with copies of transcribed interviews returned to interviewees to check and resolve discrepancies. The interviews were also collaborated with data from documentary materials including past e-commerce project documentation in the selected firms industry reports, verified media accounts and statistical databases. The interview transcription and analysis was done with the aid of ATLAS.ti®software, a qualitative analysis software. The software was used as a data administration and archiving tool for the thematic analysis of the transcribed interviews. Themes from our research framework guided the codification of the text in the transcribed interviewed. The interviews consisted of open-ended questions about the government, technology, market and cultural readiness factors which affect the implementation of electronic commerce in Ghana. Interviews were modified to be relevant to the industry in which the interviewee worked in. Interviewees identified the challenges relevant to their firms and experiences in e-commerce adoption and the ICT sector. Other questions inquired about how they addressed the challenges and suggestions to sustain e-commerce benefits.Article CitationBoateng, R. Molla, A., Heeks, R. (2010). Advancing E-commerce Beyond Readiness in a Developing Economy: Experiences of Ghanaian Firms, Journal of Electronic Commerce in Organisations (Accepted April 2009).Results or FindingsIn this section the author presents the findings or results of the study. The author is required to:•    Use appropriate data analysis methods consistent to the data collection method. For example, in using a case study approach, quotes from your interviews should be evident and data should be triangulated from multiple respondents/interviewees. •    In a quantitative study, the appropriate statistical method has to be used and the choice of method should be justified.Discussion or AnalysisIn this section the author analyzes the findings or results from the study. The analysis may require the triangulation of data from various research methods to create, explain or predict social phenomena. The author is required to:1.    What do the findings tell you about your research?2.    How do the findings compare with previous studies highlighted in your literature review?3.    Are there any contradictions with previous research?4.    Why do these contradictions exist?5.    What are the key and new lessons?6.    How do the new lessons relate to the theoretical framework?NB. Use this exercise to identify part of the literature review which is irrelevant to the study and thus need to be removed.  Generally, literature that is not related to the discussion becomes irrelevant.ConclusionThe conclusion covers three key sub- sections: summary of the paper, research implications and future research directions. Some authors prefer to addresses these sub-sections as main sections. The author is required to:1.    What is the ‘takeaway’a)    Summarize in few words what the study did and what has achieved2.    Then discuss the following each in a paragraph:a)    Implications to Practice (managers, practitioners, employees, organizations etc)b)    Implications to Policy (if applicable)—what do your findings tell government, international community, development agencies etc.c)    Implications to research:  how does it inform research area?3.    In relation to your findings, what should future research do?a)    Acknowledge the limitations of your researchb)    Highlight what new or future research should doc)    Suggestions could be using new methods or new unit of analysisd)    Suggestions should be relevant to your topicReferencesReference citations should follow the style recommended by the journal.•    For APA style. Please refer to:•    Read through your work – Presentation and Structure CountsIn SummaryYour work is going to be challenged, hence do not let the fear of other academics control your academic and professional career.Though not exhaustive, the attempt by this paper to offer elements of a good research paper has outlined guidelines that can guide authors in future research.last_img read more