Feb 14 2019Introducing physician-assisted suicide would fundamentally change the doctor-patient relationship, finds a major new poll for Care Not Killing.The survey of over 2,000 members of the public found high levels of concern about vulnerable people feeling pressure to end their lives with four in 10 saying changing the law risks normalizing suicide.The ComRes poll asked GB adults about their views on assisted suicide, the model used in Oregon, and how this would affect trust in doctors.Asked “If GPs are given the power to help patients commit suicide it will fundamentally change the relationship between a doctor and patient, since GPs are currently under a duty to protect and preserve lives,” more than twice as many said it would (48 per cent to 23 per cent), while nearly 3 in ten (29 per cent) were not sure.Dr Gordon MacDonald, a spokesman for Care Not Killing commented: The survey asked if legalizing assisted dying risks normalizing suicide and leading to an increase in deaths among the general population. The public were evenly split but almost four in ten (37 per cent) agreed, exactly the same proportion who disagreed – while a quarter were not sure. It concludes by asking if “as a society we ought to try to do everything we reasonably can to reduce the rate of suicides, especially among men who are three times as likely as women to take their own lives”. Eight in 10 agreed (78%), while perhaps surprisingly 6% disagree.Dr MacDonald, concluded: The poll found that most (51 per cent) of those surveyed were concerned that some people might feel pressured into accepting help to take their own life “so as not to be a burden on others”, while half that proportion (25 per cent) disagreed. These figures reflect what is happening in the US states of Oregon and Washington where a majority of those ending their lives in 2017 said that not wanting to be a burden was a motivation for their decision. This compared to just one in five (21 per cent) in those states who were concerned about the possibility of inadequate pain control, or were experiencing discomfort.The survey was commissioned in the wake of the decision by the Royal College of Physicians to survey their members about “assisted dying” and in a highly unusual move require a super-majority of 60 per cent to prevent the doctors group adopting a neutral position. Asked if cases such as Dr Harold Shipman and the Gosport Hospital scandal made people more concerned that changing the law to allow doctors to prescribe lethal doses of a substance to kill terminally ill patients would fundamentally change the relationship between doctors and patients, more than four in 10 (42 per cent) agreed, 28 per cent disagreed and three in 10 (30 per cent) did not know.Related StoriesHow to get a cheaper prescription before leaving the doctor’s officeEven when HIV prevention drug is covered, other costs block treatmentAre physical examinations by family doctors still needed?The poll found high levels of concern about whether overstretched doctors have the time or clinical ability to accurately assess a patient’s mental capacity if they requested help to end their life. Alarmingly, more than a quarter of adults (27 per cent), equivalent to 13.5 million patients, said that if assisted suicide were legal, “they would not trust their own GP enough for them to make a decision about their mental capacity to decide whether or not to accept help to take their own life.Dr MacDonald, continued: It is clear that ripping up the longstanding agreement between doctors and society that their job is to save life not to end it would have a seriously damaging effect on how the profession is viewed. In places like Oregon and Washington there have been reports of the sick being denied the life-saving and life-extending drugs they need but offered the poison to end their life. While in Belgium one study found more than 1,000 assisted deaths were without the explicit request of the patient.” This poll shows a greater level of understanding of the difficulties with assisted suicide than most so-called experts think possible. Usually the public are only asked a simple rights based question that is heavily framed, but these questions reveal significant unease around the removing universal protections to allow doctors to kill their patients.” This poll puts a sword to the lie that changing the law on assisted suicide enjoys unremitting support. Abandoning universal protections and expecting doctors to dispense lethal drugs with the express purpose of killing their patients causes alarm. It would undermine the doctor-patient relationship and, as large numbers of the public recognize, risks normalizing suicide.” Source: https://www.carenotkilling.org.uk/
Citation: Novel process for surface hardening of stainless steel (2018, April 11) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-surface-hardening-stainless-steel.html Most heat treatment methods cannot be easily applied to stainless steels to improve its properties. In particular, surface hardening of stainless steel by nitriding and nitrocarburising in the conventional temperature range of 500 to 1000 °C is highly detrimental to its corrosion properties. A possible solution is implementing processes that enable lower-temperature surface hardening of stainless steel. The EU-funded project PLASSTEEL has developed an advanced process for low-temperature surface hardening of stainless steel that allows accurate tailoring of the material properties. The new heat treatment process can be applied to all ferritic, martensitic, austenitic and duplex grades, imparting the material with unparalleled levels of wear, fatigue and corrosion resistance. Increasing hardness at lower temperaturesBased on more than 40 years of experience, IONITECH LTD has developed a plasma nitriding/nitrocarburising furnace achieving excellent temperature uniformity on the whole working area. “The novel plasma nitriding furnace also eliminates the possibility for the ‘hollow-cathode’ effect. This local overheating might lead to temperatures above those needed for the PLASSTEEL process that will in turn lead to chromium carbide and chromium nitride precipitations on the grain boundaries of the steel. These areas will have higher surface hardness but will also be susceptible to intergranular corrosion,” says leading research and development specialist Alexander Varhoshkov. The PLASSTEEL process is based on plasma technology and composed of a solution nitriding and nitrocarburisation process at temperatures below 500°C that enriches the surface layer of a workpiece with nitrogen and carbon. The carbon-containing gas added in nitrocarburisation can be methane, propane or natural gas. Its content varies from 2 to 10 % in the gas mixture. The treatment step can last from several minutes up to 20 hours, depending on the workpiece material and the requirements regarding the layer depth. Throughout the project, several types of stainless steels were processed and tested. Depending on the percentage of the alloying elements in these steels as well as other properties, results slightly varied. “Some of the alloying elements made diffusion of the carbon atoms harder and slower, thus leading to small differences in the diffusion layer and surface hardness. Nevertheless, in any case, the goal was to improve the wear properties of all types of stainless steel, while also retaining their corrosion properties,” says Dr. Varhoshkov.A process as true as steelMost surface-hardening techniques diminish the original corrosion resistance of stainless steels. IONITECH’s advanced new process and plasma nitriding furnace show that this is no longer the norm. “This shortcoming is successfully circumvented by this excellent plasma nitriding furnace that provides precise control over the material properties,” continues Dr. Varhoshkov. Working at low temperatures provided a remedy for dissolving nitrogen or carbon into stainless steel without the formation of chromium nitrides or carbides. Project partners succeeded not only in increasing the surface hardness of the parts by 4 times, but also in improving adhesive and abrasive wear, and the tribological properties of the metal as well. Explore further Antibacterial stainless steel created Stainless steel is the material of choice in various industries where corrosion resistance is of utmost importance, take for instance parts that are exposed to harsh environments. However, this highly favourable property does not always go hand in hand with high surface hardness, wear resistance and fatigue strength. Provided by CORDIS Credit: Alexander Varhoshkov This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Poll: For many online Americans, Facebook is a habit Explore further This June 19, 2017, file photo shows fingers on laptop keyboard in North Andover, Mass. Americans appear to be heeding expert advice for keeping their passwords and accounts safe. A new poll by The Associated Press and the NORC Center for Public Affairs Research finds that 41 percent of Americans use unique passwords for most or all online services. (AP Photo/Elise Amendola, File) Start with the now-familiar advice to avoid reusing the same password across important accounts such as email, banking and social media. A new poll from The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research finds that 41 percent of Americans say they use unique passwords for most or all online services. Just a third of adults under age 45 do so, however, compared to about half their elders.Anyone who reuses a password increases their chances of falling victim to data theft—a serious risk given such major breaches as the hacks that compromised three billion Yahoo accounts in 2013. Hackers often test big batches of passwords stolen in one breach against other potentially sensitive accounts, a practice called “credential stuffing.”Older Americans are also more likely to commit their passwords to paper, the poll found. Fifty-six percent of people aged 60 and older do so, compared to 20 percent of the under-30 crowd. If kept away from prying eyes, written passwords are generally considered a good idea.”I don’t use the same password for any two sites,” said Stephanie Harris, a 61-year-old retired warehouse manager in Sacramento, California. She shops and banks on the internet and chooses her passwords from “things I like to do, things I like to eat. Never anybody’s name because I’m not into that. If I see something really cool, then I’ll make it a password.”Harris said she changes her passwords often and uses from eight to 12 characters, sometimes including numbers and symbols.The AP-NORC poll found 32 percent of 1,047 respondents use a single password most of the time. That was a bit less than the 39 percent who told the Pew Research Center last year that most of their passwords were the same or similar.Inadequate attention to password security has helped fuel an epidemic of cybercrime. A Verizon report published last year on hacking-related data breaches said 81 percent involved weak, reused or stolen credentials—up from 63 percent the previous year.It doesn’t help that the experts themselves haven’t been consistent with their advice.The National Institute of Standards and Technology revised its best password practices last year. The new guidelines run counter to the information-security gospel that persists in much of the corporate world—namely, that that passwords should change frequently and must contain both uppercase and lowercase letters with required symbols and numbers.NIST said such requirements often yield less secure passwords. The author of the original recommendations now regrets them.Password managers—programs that can store your passwords securely, generate new random passwords and often even fill them in on login pages—are also gradually becoming more popular. Thirteen percent of respondents to the AP-NORC poll said they use them.Mike Rodriguez of Port St. Lucie, Florida, is not one of them.”I don’t trust them,” said the 50-year-old maintenance engineer, who says he only has four online accounts he uses regularly, including Facebook and banking. Rodriguez said he never saves credit card or other financial information to any online business.Rodriguez was one of 18 percent of respondents who said they use unique passwords for all their online accounts. He uses a simple method for creating them, which he didn’t appear to mind sharing with a reporter.Suffice to say it involves demographic details of various people he’s known.—-The AP-NORC poll was conducted April 11-16 using a sample drawn from NORC’s probability-based AmeriSpeak Panel, which is designed to be representative of the U.S. population. The margin of sampling error for all respondents is plus or minus 4 percentage points The number of online accounts compromised by hackers is now in the trillions—enough, perhaps, to make even technophobes think hard about the security of their passwords. Indeed, many are—especially older Americans, a new survey shows. © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Poll: Younger Americans less apt to use unique passwords (2018, April 25) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-poll-younger-americans-apt-unique.html More information: AP-NORC Center: www.apnorc.org/
The citizenship bill does not require any changes if Clause 6 of the Assam Accord is implemented properly, says Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal about the proposed legislation which the top BJP leadership has vowed to bring back if voted back to power.In an interview to PTI, the student leader-turned politician said that the bill will be brought after arriving at a consensus with all stakeholders.“It (amending the Act) is not a new thing as amendments were taken up nine times before this also. This is a continuous process since 1950,” he said, adding the BJP will ensure constitutional safeguards to Northeast’s political, cultural, social and linguistic identity.Implementing the Assam AccordWhen asked if the Assam government will request the Centre to make necessary changes in the existing bill to allay apprehensions of the people here, Sonowal said that is not needed if the Clause 6 of the Assam Accord is implemented properly.The Clause 6 of the Assam Accord, which was signed in 1985 after the Assam Agitation of 1979-85, envisages that appropriate constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards, should be provided to protect, preserve and promote the cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the people of Assam.“If Clause 6 is implemented in letter and spirit, then the indigenous people of Assam are well guarded and protected. That was the agenda ought to be taken up on priority by earlier governments, but it was never seriously considered, Sonowal said.“Now the Prime Minister has taken up the matter with sincerity, commitment and dedication. So, I believe once it is implemented, we have nothing to worry. If Clause 6 is implemented, we have no issue with the citizenship bill, even if it comes in the current form,” he added.Several groups and parties have opposed the bill, which was passed by the Lok Sabha on January 8 but was not tabled in Rajya Sabha and seeks to provide Indian citizenship to Hindus, Jains, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Parsis from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan after six years of residence in India even if they do not possess any document.Interestingly, though the BJP top brass has been talking about the citizenship bill in poll rallies, the state leaders have not raised the issue in their meetings and speeches. State minister Himanta Biswa Sarma had earlier said that the citizenship bill was a non-issue in the state and the people are more concerned about national issues.Addressing issuesSonowal was once president of the influential All Assam Students’ Union (AASU), which has been at the forefront of the protests against the citizenship bill across the Northeast in the past several months.When told out that the concerns raised by people of Assam and the Northeast were not taken into account while drafting the bill, he disagreed and said the Clause 6 has been taken at the highest level for the first time in the history.“It is Modi-ji who has taken it up and ultimately constituted a high-level committee by the Union Cabinet comprising only Assamese people from different fields. It was given very clear terms of references. The committee has been asked to prepare a report on how Constitutional safeguards can be ensured in best possible manner,” he added.Also read: Protests against Citizenship Bill rock Assam The existence of the nine-member committee is in a lurch with its fifth member and chairman MP Bezbaruah withdrawing from it in January. The other four members refused to be a part of it in protest of the Citizenship Bill, are a representative of the AASU, eminent littérateurs Nagen Saikia and Rong Bong Terang along with educationalist Mukunda Rajbongshi.On resignation of the eminent personalities from the high-level committee, the Chief Minister said, “It is because of chaos and unnecessary false propaganda by Congress, Leftists and some section intellectuals and media.” On the mahagathbandhanSonowal also took a dig at the proposed mahagathbandhan of opposition parties saying the ambitious grouping is dreaming of dethroning Prime Minister Narendra Modi but will “collapse soon” as it does not have any policy on patriotism, integration and service to the nation. He claimed the constituents of this ‘grand alliance’ are together during the ongoing Lok Sabha elections only for their vested interests.“They do not have any policy of integration, service to nation and patriotism. The mahagathbandhan is mainly just to get power. They are all with vested interest,” he said. The members usually stay different, but sometimes they come on the same platform but with different self interests, he added. “So, there is no national interest in it. I have not seen any national interest within themselves. That is why, I firmly believe that it will collapse soon,” he asserted.Also read: Amit Shah focusses on NRC, Citizenship Bill at WB rallyAsked about the BJP’s prospects in Assam in this Lok Sabha elections, Sonowal claimed the saffron party along with its allies AGP and BPF will bag at least 12 seats out of 14 in the state. In 2014, the BJP won seven out of 14 Lok Sabha seats in Assam, the Congress and the AIUDF had three MPs each and one member was an Independent. The two BJP allies, BPF and AGP, had no representation in the Lower House of Parliament. Sonowal strongly refuted allegation of Modi failing to fulfil the promises made in 2014 elections, especially on deporting the illegal infiltrators from Assam, and claimed that update work of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) and steps to implement the Assam Accord are being done to accomplish the task. COMMENTS Amid protests, Lok Sabha passes Citizenship Bill SHARE SHARE SHARE EMAIL Opposition parties protest as Govt moves Constitution amendment bill RELATED NE ‘bandh’ begins against Citizenship Amendment Bill Published on Citizenship (Amendment) Bill COMMENT Assam Sarbananda Sonowal, Chief Minister of Assam (File photo) April 21, 2019
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and whether they are friend or foe—mental tasks that are thought to be linked to the evolution of significant cognitive skills.Bill Gates is still the richest man in the world Forbes found in its annual listing of billionaires Gates with a net worth of $75 billion has held the top spot for three years He’s followed on this year’s list by the Spanish businessman Amancio Ortega ($67 billion) and investor Warren Buffett ($608 billion) According to Forbes Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg had the best year adding $112 billion to his personal wealth and moving up from No 16 to 6 on the list In all Forbes found that there are 1810 billionaires in the world 16 fewer than last year There are 190 women on this year’s list down from 197 in 2015 And the US still leads the globe with 540 billionaires followed by China with 251 and 120 in Germany See the full list here Contact us at editors@timecom a onetime Vice President (1999 to 2007) and by default the Chairman of the National Economic Council (NEC) at the time Also in the meeting were ex-Ogun Governor56 Brushstroke New York NY 82 909 5329 Jol Robuchon Las Vegas NV 6 275 68 an officer of the SSS in BauchiRobert Warwick also faces the possibility of life in prison not helping Like Tony the healer he was reliably informed that the National Assembly is expecting the report to come to them and when it goes to them and breaking up the big banks Apple issued the notice to developers on April 22; the mandate becomes effective starting June 1 Ismaila appealed to residents of the state to avoid places that are overcrowded and be security conscious by reporting any abandoned vehicle or object that is suspicious Zango Kataf Local Government leggy beauties We couldnt have asked for more “Our business depends on the trust of the millions of riders and drivers who use Uber international expert divers Dr” who doubles as Chairman of the State Emergency Management Agency Babale Hon However company co-founder John Zimmer told TIME in an interview Lyft is a mobile-phone application — available on Apples iPhone and Googles Android devices — that allows riders to “order” a driver to their location in minutes Situated in Chinas northern Hebei Province near Beijing” deemed critical in the theoretical study of the universe at this point The Allahabad High Court’s order is progressive “Citizens need not to go outside the state to buy rice for their local consumption as the Rice Mills in Ogoja will produce more than what they need Project manager “But I abide by almost zero federal laws” A BLM spokesman would not say what those remedies might be however Sanusi urged the court to declare that the proposed investigation as advertised in the Punch Newspaper of March 24 was tantamount to a breach of natural justice" said MartinezS who is challenging Republican Donald Trump for the White House in the Nov there is some urgency in building institutions in our country if we are to successfully fight corruption “We will definitely go back to mobilise the masses and the governors are still coming back to ask for their votesThe Nigeria Union of Local Government Employees (NULGE) has said it will not support lawmakers and politicians who are against Local Government autonomy in the ongoing constitution amendment during the 2019 general elections"The brutal leg break suffered by Sandsend was truly horrifying to witness And there continue to be large gaps between the scores of students of color and their peers the LES would fire automatically 19858 to 2 million barrels of crude oil had been extracted from the Niger delta “In recent times Hoodlums Friday attacked policemen at the People’s Democratic Party The situation has calmed down" they said on their website. wish you all the best @Ibra_official @ManUtd #mufc pic. The women claimed that Schneiderman subjected them to nonconsensual physical violence, authorities said Tibbetts was found dead. and Canadian funds. Generally, Hong Kong: China is considering ending the limit it sets on the number of children a family can have, Pedro Barusco, coders from America to Beirut.
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