Music Is Noise to Monkeys

first_imgExperiments show that monkeys prefer noise over music, even though they have brain similarities with humans.A neuroscientist at the National Institutes of Health wondered if monkeys could relate to music like humans do. After all, their eyes probably see like ours; do their ears hear like ours? Katarina Zimmer at The Scientist tells the story of experiments that Bevil Conway undertook to try to answer the question. In short, as the title of the article states, “When Humans Hear Music, Monkeys May Hear Noise.”Using functional MRI machines (fMRI), Conway and colleagues watched what brain areas lit up when humans and macaques listened to musical tones and then to noise.Three macaques and four people took their turn in an fMRI machine as the scientists played the sounds inside the scanner and monitored each participant’s auditory cortex. As observed in the earlier experiments, the human auditory cortex showed significantly greater activity in response to the harmonic stimuli than to the noise. But to Conway’s surprise, the same brain region in macaques showed no significant differences in response to the two sets of sounds. In fact, if anything, the monkeys’ brains often had a greater response to noise than to harmonic tones.To the extent that the experiments accurately assess what a monkey experiences with sound, monkeys don’t seem to have an ear for music. It’s just noise to them. This seemed odd to Conway, since monkeys do vocalize to one another. Zimmer reasons that humans appreciate music because we use language to communicate, while monkeys do not. Language is replete with harmonic sounds in vowels. But there is much more to language than vocalization in harmonic tones: there’s semantics, syntax, and aesthetics. In a monkey’s brain, no comprendo. Sounds are meaningless signals that trigger certain behaviors.Update 10/01/19: Now hear this! Dennis Prager argues that the Left ruins everything. Music is no exception; Samson Young took a musical masterpiece, Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 5, and ruined it by making the string players cover their strings with tape. Playing it with all seriousness, the orchestra produces an incoherent scratching sound. Ten seconds is about all a human can take of this noise (try listening in the video clip).  The Scientist does give it one redeeming aspect, though: “Hear the muted symphony that one researcher thinks might be a close approximation to how macaques perceive the performance.“Think About ThinkingThis was one of the stories in a special issue of The Scientist about neuroscience. Another article also touched on human uniqueness. In “The Human Brain: Blessing and Curse,” Editor-in-Chief Bob Grant begins, “Our brains are mysterious, fragile, and mischievous. That’s what makes them fascinating.”Most scientists and science enthusiasts I’ve met are intellectually inflamed by the fact that there is so much out there (and in here) that we don’t know—a passion that transcends disciplines. And is there any mystery more fascinating than the functioning of the human brain itself? After all, we carry our brains around with us every day and use them to ferret out the patterns and meanings that throng around us. Neuroscientists, even more than the rest of us, use theirs to think about thinking.Yet, after millennia of intimate interactions with our own brains and decades of formal study of the organ, “how the brain works was and still is a complete mystery,” in the words of Albert Einstein College of Medicine neuroscientist Kamran Khodakhah, this month’s profilee.How in the name of Ramón y Cajal can cells, amassed in tangled networks and swapping ions across their membranes to propagate waves of electrical potential, result in a thought? How does this sequence of physical events form moving pictures, symphonies, emotions, and inspiration? It truly boggles . . . well, the brain.Grant began by considering how the human mind probes all the mysteries of science, from the stars to the ocean floor to the cells of which we are composed. He worries about how our brains can deceive us, why they degenerate, and how we might find ways to delay the ravages of time.But even with the downsides of limitless curiosity, the frailty of the organ from which it emanates, and the evolutionary compromises that come with growing such complex and knowledge-thirsty biological computers, I for one wouldn’t trade my brain for the world. There are too many things left to learn.One thing scientists will never stop learning is how much they don’t know. But if the brain is merely a computer made of meat, that resulted from millions of years of evolutionary compromises, how can Grant know anything to be true?Let’s summarize the two articles. Evolutionists have failed to understand why only humans have language and comprehend music. They admit the brain is a complete mystery to them. They believe human brains evolved from ape brains, but they marvel at the unique traits humans achieve with their brains, including science. They know far less than they know. But they know one thing for absolute, dead-on certainty: Non-atheists are not allowed to enter the conversation!Let the dead bury their dead.Think OutdoorsTo end on a subject all can agree with, read “Time Spent in Nature Is Good for You” by Jef Akst at The Scientist. It’s the latest in a long trend we’ve reported on about the benefits of outdoor exercise, exposure and experience. One doesn’t even have to live in an area with ideal green space, or keep to a rigid schedule of outdoor walks, as long as they get about two hours per week. For those who get outdoors, the benefits start rolling in: “when people spend time in natural environments: blood pressure drops, heart rate decreases, immune function improves, and the parasympathetic nervous system directs the body to rest and digest.” De-stress and see the natural world.Creation Safaris and other outdoor ministries help people escape to reality.(Visited 394 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Campaign calls on people to clean up their neighbourhoods

first_imgThis year marks the 30th Anniversary of the International Coastal Cleanup. (Image: Ocean Conservancy)Brand South Africa has partnered with Plastics SA on this year’s Clean-Up & Recycle campaign. It runs in conjunction with Clean-up South Africa Week, which takes place from 14 to 19 September. Tied into the campaign are Recycling Day South Africa on 18 September and International Coastal Clean-up Day on 19 September.Recycling Day aims to raise awareness by educating people about the social, environmental and economic benefits of recycling. During the coastal clean-up, volunteers remove debris from all bodies of water. The clean-up allows officials to collect valuable information about the rubbish that is dumped; it also heightens public awareness of the causes of litter and debris.The first coastal clean-up took place along the coast of Texas, in the US, in 1986, with 2 800 volunteers. Today, the campaign includes all bodies of water, such as inland lakes, rivers, streams and underwater sites, and approximately half-a-million people in more than 100 countries volunteer for the cause.Help Ocean Conservancy to keep our beaches and waterways cleanBrand South Africa will run a competition to find 10 of the best volunteers during the campaign. To enter, users need to add #CleanUpSA in their posts on social media.The top five users on Twitter as well as the top five Facebook users will each receive a Play Your Part hamper. These include memory banks and sticks, scarves, books, peak caps and pens.The hamper will consist of the following items.Other organisations participating in the events include: National Recycling Forum, Tuffy, Glass Recycling Company, Petco, Collect a Can, Southern African Vinyls Association, TetraPak, Polystyrene Packaging Council, Department of Environmental Affairs, Ocean Conservancy, Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife Trust, and Astrapak Group.last_img read more

Early Adopters: Check Out Gist’s iPhone App

first_imgGist is a new service that tracks your contact lists from email and social networks, prioritizes them and helps you quickly view what those people have been up to across blogs, Twitter and elsewhere. The company just released an iPhone app this morning (iTunes link) and what more could you ask for? Instant context for people you’re just about to call, meet with or have on your mind?Unfortunately, the service doesn’t work very well yet. The social web is a mess of disconnected identity and activity data; cleaning it all up, tying it together and delivering it on the fly to your phone is an ambitious goal, but that’s one of the things Gist is trying to do. Gist lets you see all kinds of data from contacts, key companies and event attendees. Right now there is some value in what the app serves up. If you’re willing to spend some time manually fixing up the streams associated with various contacts, then you could get a lot out of it right away. We reviewed the Gist web app last month and liked what we saw so far.Unfortunately, it’s very hard for any app like this to determine which social network profiles are really associated with the same people and which news coverage about a person is worth reading. (Hopefully the WebFinger protocol will help solve this problem for everyone someday.) If you try out the app you’ll see that the signal-to-noise ratio is too weak to make for efficient, quick reading – but a quick scan for a contact’s information could still help unearth some relevant information. It may be limited, a few weeks late and often incorrect – but savvy early adopters can still get some value out of it already. It’s frustrating in more ways than I’m sure anyone cares to read about, but it’s also worth trying out in hopes that the company will really nail it down the road. I know I sure want this to work.Gist told me today that it is working with the Google Social Graph API for account discovery and MSpoke for disambiguation and content recommendations. Cleaning up the data is still the company’s biggest challenge and one they’ve been working on from the start. The Google Social Graph API is a particularly gnarly tool for many startups like this – it’s dependent on markup that too few people use and even fewer people use correctly.None the less, you should give the Gist app a try if you’d like to see a vision of where the future could go. The fact that a team of very smart people with a good sum of venture capital invested is going to require more time to try and really nail the discovery of relevant, high-quality person-centric streams of information demonstrates what a challenge this important task really is. Tags:#NYT#Product Reviews#web Related Posts marshall kirkpatrick Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hostingcenter_img A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

5 DIY Filmmaking Gear Tutorials

first_imgHave a project you need to get in the can? Running low on cash? Check out these DIY filmmaking gear tutorials to help you get on your way.Filmmaker and videography gear can bust your budget before you even start shooting. There’s no reason to go broke — affordable gear solutions are easy to find, especially if you’re willing to take a DIY approach. We’ve rounded up a small list of tutorials that show how easy it is to craft your own DIY filmmaking gear. With a few tools and a little patience, you’ll be on your way in no time.1. DIY Light StandIn our first video tutorial, Ryan Connolly and the Film Riot crew demonstrate how to make a DIY light stand for around $10. This easy-to-build stand uses no glue, which means you can easily collapse it and take it wherever you want. If you need something a little more heavy duty, you can essentially take this concept and upgrade the materials.2. DIY Shoulder RigShoulder rigs can get expensive — if you don’t have the cash for a pro rig, then this clip from The Slanted Lens offers a pretty solid solution. Follow along as cinematographer Lars Lindstrom demonstrates how to create a DIY shoulder rig on the cheap. Just remember that this particular DIY shoulder rig works best with DSLR cameras.3. DIY Bank LightingThis episode of Basic Filmmaker covers the process of putting together a set of DIY bank lights. Here’s what you’ll need: a shop light, bulbs, and a mounting bracket. Grabbing a C-stand from Amazon will give you a place to mount your finished product.4. DIY Timelapse SliderThis video from RCexperimental demonstrates how to build a DIY timelapse slider with motor. This one is a little more advanced. For instance, you’ll need to do some soldering. Plus, you’ll need a motor (which can be found at Solar Botics). All in all, you should be able to build this slider for around $20.5. DIY 3-Axis GimbalHere’s what you’ll need to build a DIY 3-axis gimbal, as demonstrated in the video below from Tom Antos. First, you’ll need a Foxtech Falcon Camera Gimbal and a shoulder rig. Since you’ll be using a DSLR, you can purchase a cheap shoulder rig, or, you know, build the one we featured up top. This is the most expensive project on this list; it will set you back about $300. Still, that price is a lot less than what you’d pay for a professional 3-axis gimbal. Plus, you’ll have the satisfaction of having built it yourself!Got any fun DIY filmmaking gear projects you can share with the community? Let us know in the comments below.last_img read more

Stuart MacGill says spinners will be key to India’s success

first_imgWhile most of the cricketing action is happening in Sri Lanka at the World T20, former Australia spinner Stuart MacGill’s surprise presence at a hockey event here on Tuesday turned a few heads.MacGill was here with his long-time friend and Australian hockey captain Jamie Dwyer as the leg-spinner foresees a possible career in managing the Aussie players during the Hockey India League (HIL).MacGill, whose big turning leg-breaks foxed many batsmen during his playing days, is keeping a tab on the action in Sri Lanka and said that if India wins the title for the second time, their spinners, particularly Harbhajan Singh, will have to come good.However, the West Indies, loaded with power-hitters and all-rounders, remain his pick for the World T20 title.”India have a dynamic batting. If India have to win the title, it has to be on the back of their spinners. Harbhajan will be the key because people who can turn the ball are very essential in T20 cricket,” said MacGill, who was part of the Sydney Sixers team which won the T20 Big Bash League last year.MacGill, 41, ruled out any chance of Australia winning their maiden World T20 title as he did not think they have a good enough team to make it to the final. “West Indies have some very dangerous players and they can shake a few people.”Australia, I don’t think, have a good enough team for this format. If they make it to the last four, they should feel they have done enough. They are not as good as other countries,” said MacGill, who played in an era when there was tough competition for a spinner’s place in the Australian team with Shane Warne in the ranks too.advertisementHaving finished his international cricket career, MacGill now wants to associate himself with a sport that he says he has grown up watching. Dwyer, one of the most decorated players in modern hockey, has given him an opportunity to look at avenues other than cricket. “Currently, I am here with my friend Jamie and I am somewhat managing him. My father and most of the members of my family have played hockey at some level or the other,” said MacGill.”I want to help other Australian players during the Hockey India League (HIL).”India’s poor show at the London Olympics came as a huge disappointment for its fans but MacGill believes that India has a lot to give to the world of hockey and HIL will be an opportunity. “At least India’s performance was better than the Beijing Games. Indian hockey isn’t just about India but international hockey as well. Sharing the dressing room with players like Jamie and other top stars will only benefit the Indian players,” said MacGill.last_img read more

TCI Junior Tourism Minister represents well in Curacao

first_img Related Items:blythe clare, curacao, william elliot, youth congress Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Recommended for you Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 26 Oct 2015 – Turks and Caicos Junior Tourism Minister – William Elliot – is hailed as an example of greatness by Opposition Leader, Sharlene Robinson after a stellar presentation at the Caribbean Tourism Organization’s Youth Congress. While Tourism government and business leaders were in talks at the State of the Industry gathering, as is customary, the junior tourism ministers of the countries of the region were engrossed in their own activities. William Elliot is the current junior minister for the Turks and Caicos and while he did not place, PDM Leader Sharlene Robinson gushed over his presentation and reactions to it. “I have never been more proud of William… I sat and watched for over three hours waiting to hear our Junior Minister speak and then to hear the winners announced. Though disappointed and admittedly confused that we did not place, William’s presentation from content to delivery was first place quality.” Each junior tourism minister had the task of marketing their country as the ultimate destination. State of the Industry and the Youth Congress was this year held in Curacao. William was accompanied by Tourism Education Officer, Blythe Clare. PAR wins Curacao electionslast_img read more

DEI Briefs 52914

first_imgNew website and digital magazine for cyclocross.The publishers of Singletrack, the U.K.-based magazine on mountain bikes, are launching a digital magazine and website focusing on cyclocross, a sport similar to motocross racing but using bicycles. The website, called grit.cx, will premier at the end of the summer, and the first issue of the digital magazine will be available in early October. The magazine will feature stories and influences from the U.K., Europe, the U.S. and other countries where the sport is growing in popularity. Emergency Management website getting a makeover.A newly redesigned website for Emergency Management magazine will be rolled out soon. The format will likely be similar to other e.Republic websites, such as Governing and Government Technology. The website, like for its sister publications, will feature digital links to all articles from the print editions. BRAIN magazine offers both digital and print.Beginning with its May 1st issue, Bicycle Retailer and Industry News (BRAIN) has added the option for subscribers to receive a new digital version in addition to or instead of the print edition.Christianity Today‘s Books & Culture lives on in digital.Less than nine months after a pledge drive saved the publication from closing in 2013, Books & Culture has released a biweekly digital edition featuring reviews and news from a Christian perspective. Acquisition of Audience Media by Zinio.The digital platform company Zinio has acquired Audience Media, a company that provides CMS and app services for magazines such as ELLE, Marie Claire, Cosmo and more. Created in Barcelona but now based in Vietnam, the service currently has 30 apps under the its name in the Apple App Store, and possibly more publishers who want their branding instead of Audience Media’s. So far its magazine apps are simply replica editions of the print versions.WSJ‘s new digital video magazine.The Wall Street Journal has launched new platforms for its expanding video content, including the new digital video magazine, Signal. The magazine will include excerpts from filmmakers and emerging talents, interviews with celebrities and luminaries and a mix of short videos from WSJ contributors around the world. This will add to WSJ‘s existing shows “The Short Answer” and “Startup of the Year.”last_img read more

The Wilmington Insider For November 16 2018

first_imgWILMINGTON, MA — Below is a round-up of what’s going on in Wilmington on Friday, November 16, 2018:Happening Today:Weather: Rain, mainly before 10am. High near 42. Northeast wind 6 to 16 mph becoming west in the afternoon. Chance of precipitation is 90%. New precipitation amounts between a quarter and half of an inch possible.At Wilmington Public Schools: The Wilmington High School’s Lamplighters’ Drama Guild is ready to entertain you with its production of She Kills Monsters. Shows will be held on Friday, November 16 at 7pm and Saturday, November 17 at 2pm and 7pm in the Wilmington High School Auditorium. Tickets cost $5 for students, seniors (65 and over), and military, and $10 for adults. Tickets can be purchased in advanced at http://www.WilmingtonCATS.org or http://www.brownpapertickets.com/event/3821891. Tickets will also be sold at the door.In The Community: The Wilmington Rotary Club is excited to announce its Annual Auction at the Wilmington Knights of Columbus Hall (112 Middlesex Avenue). Doors open at 6pm. Auction begins at 7pm.Local businesses are donating items to be auctioned off, and there is a free buffet and cash bar available, as well as a “wine wall.”This is the Rotary Club’s big fundraiser, and proceeds go towards scholarships for graduating Wilmington seniors, as well as the various projects that the Club does around town, including improvements to Rotary Park, donations to the library and the public schools, and various youth organizations. Proceeds will also benefit Rotary International initiatives, including efforts to eradicate polio, develop clean water projects, and the homelessness and hunger initiative.At the conclusion of the night, the Club will draw the winning raffle tickets, for the following prizes:Grand Prize – $10,000Two Second Place Prizes – $1,000Two Third Place Prizes – $500Four Fourth Place Prizes – $250Only 350 tickets are being sold. Tickets cost $100 each.  For tickets or more information, please contact John Doherty at 978 658-3805.In The Community: The Aleppo Shriners will be holding its annual Festival of Trees on Friday, November 16 (5pm to 8pm); Saturday, November 17 (10am to 5pm); and Sunday, November 18 (10am to 4pm) at the Shriners Auditorium (99 Fordham Road).This event features a large number of beautiful trees with lots of presents to raffle.  The event also features Photos with Santa, Holiday Music, Delicious Treats, DIY Holiday Crafts, Scavenger Hunt, and Aleppo Clowns, plus the HONS Craft Fair.Admission costs just $1. (Children 3 and under are free.)  Proceeds from the event will benefit the Aleppo Shriners General Fund.  For more information, contact David Veo at 617-777-3303 or Laura Veo at 617-908-8513, or email AleppoTreeFeztival2018@gmail.com.At The Library: Needleworkers at 10am. R.E.A.D. Middle Grade Book Club: Garvey’s Choice by Nikki Grimes at 3:45pm. [Learn more and register HERE.]At The Senior Center: Video Exercise at 10am. Doris Craft 10am. Special Exercise at 11am. Bingo at 1pm. Cards at 1:30pm. [Learn more HERE.]Live Music: Pacific Grove (211 Lowell Street) is hosting Karaoke from Winnell Entertainment at 8pm.(NOTE: What did I miss? Let me know by commenting below, commenting on the Facebook page, or emailing wilmingtonapple@gmail.com. I may be able to update this post.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email wilmingtonapple@gmail.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… Related5 Things To Do In Wilmington On Saturday, August 3, 2019In “5 Things To Do Today”The Wilmington Insider For November 1, 2018In “5 Things To Do Today”5 Things To Do In Wilmington On Friday, July 19, 2019In “5 Things To Do Today”last_img read more

Stranger Things 3 turning Netflix ratings records Upside Down

first_imgAccording to Netflix, that 40.7 million viewership number is more than any other Netflix film or series earned in its first four days. Recently, the network announced that the Adam Sandler-Jennifer Aniston movie Murder Mystery was watched by over 30 million accounts worldwide in its first three days. What are the chances of that coveted season 4? Seems likely, considering how much of a ratings phenomenon and critical darling the 1980s-set sci-fi-horror show has become. See all the Stranger Things season 3 photos Fans were less impressed with the ratings, and more insistent the network confirm an expected fourth season is on its way.  Wrote one Twitter user, “Now confirm season 4 and DON’T MAKE US WAIT AN ENTIRE TWO YEARS FOR IT THIS TIME.” .@Stranger_Things 3 is breaking Netflix records! 40.7 million household accounts have been watching the show since its July 4 global launch — more than any other film or series in its first four days. And 18.2 million have already finished the entire season.— Netflix US (@netflix) July 8, 2019 TV and Movies Stranger Things season 3: Rad ’80s details you might have missed Watch the Stranger Things cast play their own video game Stranger Things season 3: Our biggest WTF questions Okay now confirm season 4 and DONT MAKE US WAIT AN ENTIRE TWO YEARS FOR IT THIS TIME— 🤡 (@elhopperisbaby) July 8, 2019 Tags The Stranger Things cast has earned an ice-cream cone or 40 million. Netflix If you’re eager to spill Stranger Things season 3 spoilers, take heart. More than 18 million people out there are ready to talk.According to a Monday tweet from Netflix, more than 40 million household accounts have been watching the show since its new season debuted on July 4, and 18.2 million have already watched the whole season. 4center_img Stranger Things season 3: Everything to know Netflix 59 Photos Comments More Stranger Things Share your voice 2:33 Now playing: Watch this: As of press time, there was no word on a fourth (or fifth) season, but David Harbour, who plays police chief Jim Hopper, told CNET Magazine in 2018 that the series would as least go to four seasons.”We’re either going to season 4 or season 5,” Harbour said at the time. “It’s still being debated. I do know the arc of the story, though. This was something that I discussed with [show creators] the Duffer brothers right from day one.”last_img read more